London Man The Second To be Cured Of HIV

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A Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) positive man belonging to London was recently declared as the second man in the world who was cured of the HIV infection, which leads to the disease Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome (AIDS.)

The doctors said, the London Patient, who wishes to be anonymous, is cured of the HIV infection after a bone marrow cell transplant, for Hodgkin’s lymphoma (a type of cancer.)

The bone marrow donor of the London Patient has a rare genetic mutation of CCR5 delta 32, which resisted the HIV infection and cured the cancer as well as the HIV infection.

After three years of transplant and 18 months of antiretroviral drugs, the reports of the London patient are positive and have no traces of HIV.

However, it is not clear if the CCR5 delta 32 is the only key to cure every patient suffering from HIV infection.

Ravindra Gupta, a professor and HIV biologist, said, “There is no virus there that we can measure. We can’t detect anything.” He also co lead the team of doctors who were treating the London Patient.

Speaking about the condition of the patient, Mr. Gupta said, as of now, he is fine, ‘functionally cured’ and ‘in remission,’ but it is too early to say he’s cured.

The case and recovery of the London Patient gave hope to many individuals with HIV and researchers to soon come up with a cure for the HIV/AIDS.

Mr. Gupta said, “We need to understand if we could knock out this (CCR5) receptor in people with HIV, which may be possible with gene therapy.”

The London Patient gave a new way for the scientists and researchers to find out a potential cure for the decades old disease, AIDS.

The first such case happened in 2007, in Germany, when Timothy Brown underwent similar treatment and was cured of the HIV. Popularly known as the Berlin Patient, Brown had Leukemia and went for a bone marrow transplant which also cured his HIV infection.

According to the medical reports of Brown, after 12 years also, there are no traces of HIV infection in his body. Brown also wished to meet the London Patient and encourage him to reveal his identity which could be a motivation for millions of people suffering from the HIV infection.

Scientists who studied the case of the London Patient produced the report in the journal, Nature and also planned to present the same at the Conference on Retroviruses and Opportunistic Infections, in Seattle.